India since time immemorial has been a country of agriculture, which mostly depended upon the cattle population. For most of history the soil did not lose its fertility, and provided food to the gradually increasing population. The quality of soil remained intact or improved within the last four decades until the introduction of modern chemicals and fertilizers. Now gradually the fertility of the soil is decreasing, and chemicals have also become an environmental and agricultural hazard, eliminating countless species of birds, fish, earthworms, and other living beings.
Food grown with pesticides and fertilizer has become a big health hazard, contributing to many troublesome diseases such as cancer. The use of cow urine, cow dung, and oxen power in agriculture is a much more viable approach than using chemicals and machines that are dependent on fossil fuels.Organic farming that uses compost, manure, and pest repellants made from cow dung and urine is a far superior alternative.
Many people in the world are beginning to recognize the problem of chemical use, and are trying to do something about it. In 2006, the Strategic Approach to International Chemical Management (SAICM) was adopted by Dubai to provide a framework strategy to address the global problem of chemical management. The goal is "to achieve the sound management of chemicals throughout their life cycle so that by 2020 chemicals are used and produced in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment." The Dubai Declaration asserts that the sound management of chemicals is essential to achieving sustainable development. It identifies problems such as the lack of capacity for managing chemicals in developing countries and countries with economies in transition; dependency on pesticides in agriculture; exposure of workers to harmful chemicals; and concerns about the long-term effects of chemicals on both human health and the environment.